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J Cases Obstet Gynecol, 2017;4(4):84-86

            J o u r n a l   o f   C a s e s   i n                                                                                     J o u r n a l   o f   C a s e s   i n
            Obs tetrics & G ynecology                                                                                                 Obs tetrics & G ynecology
                                                                                                                                   Case Report

        with a right-sided pneumothorax should be evaluated for   endometriosis is increasing considered to be a clinical di-
        endometriosis, especially if significant pelvic symptomatol-  agnosis [23], in woman investigated  with laparoscopy,       Near Miss Postpartum Woman with an Amniotic Fluid Embolism, a Rari-
        ogy is present.  The overlap between pelvic and thoracic en-  scrupulous inspection of the diaphragm is warranted even     ty Requiring Multidisciplinary Approach
        dometriosis cannot be overstated.  In a retrospective review   if in the absence of a history of thoracic symptoms as this
        of 156 women with women with pneumothorax, pelvic en-   may identify some women at risk of future pneumothorax.
        dometriosis symptoms were significantly more common in
        those found to have thoracic endometriosis [14].  In symp-  Acknowledgement                                                Natalia Hanson¹*, Christopher Heron¹, Emil R. Szabo²
        tomatic women who went on to laparoscopy, 80% had con-  None
        firmed pelvic endometriosis.  Moreover, if surgical man-  Declaration of Interest                                          1 Department of Family Medicine, Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Mount Nittany Medical Center,1850 East Park Ave, Suite 207, State College,
        agement is undertaken, gynecologic consultation should be   R.L.R has been consultant to Allergan, Aspen and Bayer and has served   PA, 16803, United States
                                                                                                                                   Department of Obstetrics- Gynecology, Solo Practitioner, 251 Easterly Parkway, State College, PA, 16801, United States
        considered both intraoperatively and in follow up.  While   on the Data and Safety Monitoring Board for Merck.
                                                                                                                                   An amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a condition with one of the highest pregnancy- associated mortality rates, accounting for 5-15% of pregnancy-re-
                                                                                                                                   lated deaths worldwide. This article describes a case of a 36- year- old G4P1 at 38 weeks of gestation who underwent a planned Cesarean section for
                                                                                                                                   a placenta previa which was complicated by cardiac arrest and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy secondary to a suspected AFE. The patient
                                                                                                                                   was treated with a multidisciplinary approach, rapid response to alterations in vital stability and factor VII. The unpredictable nature of AFE and the
                                                                                                                                   gravity of its sequelae warrant high suspicion in those at risk for AFE, as early recognition and prompt treatment can improve morbidity and mortality.

                                                                                                                                   Key Words:
        References                                                                                                                 Amniotic fluid embolism, disseminated intravascular coagulation, vaginal bleeding, factor VII

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                                                                                                                                                                                           The  child  was born with an APGAR of 8/9 at  0804. At
                                                                                                                                   *Correspondence: Natalia Hanson
                                                                                                                                   Address: Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center,   0805 the  patient  developed  seizure-like  activity  and be-
                                                                                                                                   Mount Nittany Medical Center,1850 East Park Ave, Suite 207, State   came  unresponsive.  She  was intubated,  received  Atro-
                                                                                                                                   College, PA, 16803, United States
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                                                                      October 2017            Journal of Cases in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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